|Sand mining on the coast line of The Gambia, Gunjur in particular, has so many bad effects on our socio-economic lives. Thus few pointed:
- Destruction of the natural lanscape
- Displacement of the habitats (trees and animals) on the dunes
- Underground Watertable disturbed for the nearby forest zone
- Women loose their source of livelihood : rice fields and gardens have disappeared
- NAtural defence of sand dunes against sea (sea level rise, tempests,...) has been removed
- Degradation of existing road network
- Social impact of so many workers in this area
After end of mining, this area will be prone to other threats :
- sea level rise will have more impacts there than anywhere else
- a high risk exists for this area to become an uncontrolled waste deposit area
- if not managed, this area risks to increase impact of malaria on population
What can be done?
- to re-dune : this would be an "impossible mission"... costly, where to take the sand from...
- to transform the area to another ecological system
- to take the chance of this situation to propose a global management of this coast, including ecotourism development, agriculture/fisheries, and protection of natural habitats